Pre-war stationery and overprints

During the early days of the occupation pre-war postal stationery continued to be used, in particular postcards. However, postal stationery on Sumatra and in the Navy occupied area was shortly thereafter overprinted, often with the same overprints used on stamps. Not just postcards, but all types of pre-war postal stationery were overprinted, including international (reply) cards, revalued envelopes, letter sheets, and change of address cards.

The first printed occupation postcards

The first newly printed occupation postcards were issued on Celebes in June 1942. The often seen 3½ cent Dai Nippon cards appeared on Java in September 1942, and in May 1943 Sumatra issued its own definitive card. At the end of 1943 Java and Sumatra had a joint issue, a 3½ cent Dai Nippon postcard in a smaller format in order to save paper.

Other new issues

There were no further new issues on Sumatra. However, Java and the Navy occupied area continued to issue new stationery. This included, among other things, a new change of address card for Java and a new reply card for the Navy occupied area.

Rate increases

On July 1, 1944, the rate for a postcard was increased to 4 cents in the Navy area. This resulted in many new regional issues. A year later, on July 1, 1945, the rate for a postcard on Java was increased to 5 cents, and here, too, new cards were issued. On Sumatra the rate was increased to 7 cents on August 15, 1945, the day of the Japanese capitulation. No new card was issued for this.

Malayan stationery used in the Indies during the Japanese occupation

In the Riouw and Lingga Archipelago and on the Anambas Islands Malayan postal stationery was used, just as Malayan stamps were used there. The Malayan rate for a postcard was initially 2 cents and was later increased to 4 cents. Here we also find Malayan postal stationery not seen anywhere else in the Indies, such as the registered letter envelope. Initially the rate for a registered letter was 15 cents, which later was increased to 23 cents.

Repoeblik Java

Initially Japanese occupation cards were used without Republican overprints. In these cases the date of the cancel determines whether the card was used during the occupation or thereafter. Subsequently Japanese occupation cards were overprinted with Republik Indonesia and a new value of 5 sen.

The first postcards designed by the Republik appeared in 1946. Towarsds the end of 1949 there followed a few local emergency issues.

Republik Sumatra

As was the case on Java, initially Japanese occupation cards were used without Republican overprints. By then the tariff had doubled and we see cards with additional franking. Cards were also marked with a round postage paid mark with in the centre a T, symbol of the Japanese postal service. The mark was from the Japanese occupation period, and meant that the increased tariff had been paid.

As the tariffs for postcards changed several times, the cards were adapted to the new rates in numerous ways. There were very few newly designed cards issued.

Republik Bali

From October 1945 until late January 1946 there was a short period of Republican rule on Bali. Here, too, initially 4 cent occupation cards continued to be used. However, in January 1946 cards were overprinted 5 sen which was the rate on Java. The 5 sen cards were also distributed to the neighboring island of Lombok.

Subsequently these cards were overprinted with the additional overprint + 2 sen which was surcharge to help finance the independence movement.

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