NICA Timor, October 1945

Timor was liberated by the Australians on September 11, 1945. The island was placed under authority of the Netherlands Indies Civil Affairs (NICA) which was tasked with restoring Dutch civil authority in liberated areas.


As the post office at Koepang had been looted at the end of the war, the NICA ordered remaining stamp supplies overprinted with NICA Timor. The overprint was initially made from loose letters placed in some type of holder. It was applied in blue, black, violet, and orange, mostly on Japanese occupation stamps and also on a few pre-war Indies stamps. In December a wooden block was used to overprint stamps because the letters in the holder shifted and at some point the holder fell apart. As a result the overprint can be divided into three main types and several subtypes. First known usage of a NICA Timor stamp is October 19, 1945. They are only known used at Koepang, and they have been seen used as late as early March 1946.

 


NICA Soemba, November 1945

Soemba was liberated by the Australians on October 24, 1945, and the NICA took over the civil administration on November 4, 1945. Here the stamps were overprinted with NICA Soemba and a horse’s head, the island being famous for its sandalwood horses.


There were two overprint blocks made from buffalo horn, one for the post office at Waingapoe, the other for the post office at Waikaboebak. Stamps with the Waingapoe overprint are only known mint. A few stamps are known cancelled Waikaboebak.

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